Villaggio di Zangarbalà in Mali
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Situation in 2008 (before the arrival of IN-VITA)

The village has about 800 inhabitants, mainly pertaining to the Bamana ethnic group, and a certain number of traditional big-sized and little deep wells, which become full during the rainy season and dry up during the dry season, at the beginning of February. The water contained in these wells is stagnant and infected.
There are 2 “forages” (drillings): one in the village, which cannot be used as it is blocked by a broken pump and by its tubing that has collapsed at the bottom during a maintenance attempt carried out before the arrival of IN-VITA to the village.
The second “forage”, located on a small hill about 800 meters away from the village, has a working pump but limited capacity. It is a pilgrimage destination, even at night, of women and children who carry the collected water on carts. The situation is becoming even more difficult and unsustainable, especially during the dry season when it becomes the only procurement point for the neighbouring villages and nomadic populations (Fulbe and Mauri).
Since 1989, year in which this “forage” was dug, the water capacity has been dramatically reduced by 25%.