SITUATION IN 2008
(before the arrival of IN-VITA)
The village has 960 inhabitants, the majority belonging to the Markalla ethnic group.
It relies on 3 big-sized wells, all with few centimetres of water at the bottom.
Other 20 traditional small-sized wells provide few buckets of water per day and are located around the village. They are almost all dried up at the beginning of February.
There is also another “forage”, which only provides some barrels of water per day.
Another “forage”, built in 1997 and located about 550 m away from the village, is equipped with an engine generator with electric pump, however, it is not used as the fuel cost (diesel oil) is too high and unmanageable for the population.