Mali is a land-locked state in West Africa. It borders Algeria in the North, Burkina Faso and the Ivory Coast in the South, Niger in the East and Guinea, Senegal and Mauritania in the West. The capital is Bamako. The country covers an area of 1,240,142 km2. It is mostly flat and is divided between the Sahara Desert in the North and savannah in the South.
The population, of about 14 million, is concentrated mainly in the South, where the Niger river flows.
Mali is a Presidential Republic. The most widely spoken language is Bambara, but French is also commonly used.